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BMW 5 Series

The BMW 5 Series is a mid-size / executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972. The car, now in its sixth generation, is sold in sedan and touring body styles.
On January 29, 2008, the 5 millionth 5 Series was manufactured, a 530d Saloon in Carbon Black Metallic.




E12 (1972-1981)

     The BMW E12 was the first 5 Series BMW made. The following models were produced in this series:

  • Non-US
    • 1974 518 - 1.8 L M118 I4
    • 1976 518 - 1.8 L M42 I4
    • 1980 518 - 1.8 L M10B18 I4
    • 1972 520 - 2.0 L M17 I4, 115 hp (86 kW; 117 PS)
    • 1972 520i - 2.0 L M64 fuel injected I4, 125 hp (93 kW; 127 PS)
    • 1977 520 - 2.0 L M20B20 I6 122 hp
    • 1973 525 - 2.5 L I6
    • 1975 528i - 2.8 L I6
    • 1975 530i - 3.0 L I6, 176 hp (131 kW; 178 PS)
    • 1976 530 Motorsport Limited Edition - 3.0 L I6, 200 hp (149 kW; 203 PS)
    • 1979 M535i - 3.5 L I6, 218 hp (163 kW; 221 PS)
  • US
    • 1975-1978 530i - 3.0 L I6, 176 hp (131 kW; 178 PS)
    • 1979-1981 528i - 2.8 L I6, 169 hp (126 kW; 171 PS)
The 1.8 L engines and the 2.0 L fuel injected engines were exclusive to Germany until the 1980s. The South African models were 525i, 528i and 530i.


E28 (1982-1988)

      The BMW E28 was the second BMW 5 Series, a stylistic evolution of the E12. Visible changes to this model included revised headlights, thicker rubber bumper surrounds and large rectangular taillights. The shape was more box-shaped than rounded at the rear.

The following models were sold in Europe:
  • 518/518i- 1.8 L M10B18
  • 520i - 2.0 L M20B20 I6
  • 524d - 2.4 L M21 diesel I6
  • 524td - 2.4 L M21 turbodiesel I6
  • 525i - 2.5 L M30B25 I6
  • 525e - 2.7 L M20B27 I6
  • 528i - 2.8 L M30B28 I6
  • 530i - 3.0 L M30B30 I6
  • 535i/M535i - 3.4 L M30B34 I6
  • M5 - M88 I6, 286 PS (210 kW; 282 hp)
High performance 5 Series - 24-valve DOHC, I6, six throttle bodies, Bosch Motronic integrated fuel injection. At its launch in 1984, the European specification E28 M5 was the fastest production sedan in the world.
The following models were sold in North America:
  • 524td - 2.4 L M21 turbodiesel I6, 114 hp (85 kW; 116 PS)
  • 528e - 2.7 L M20B27 I6, 121 hp (90 kW; 123 PS)
Designed for fuel efficiency
  • 533i - 3.2 L M30B33 I6, 182 hp (136 kW; 185 PS)
High revving power
  • 535i - 3.4 L M30B34 I6, 182 hp (136 kW; 185 PS)
A 533i bored to produce more torque and equal power
  • 535is - 3.4 L M30B34 I6, 182 hp (136 kW)
A 535i with a sport suspension interior modifications
  • M5 - 3.4 L S38B35 I6, 256 hp (191 kW; 260 PS)
High performance 5 Series - 24 valve DOHC, I6, six throttle bodies, Bosch Motronic integrated fuel injection, available only in black in the US.
 

E34 (1988-1996)

The third generation 5 Series earned awards for safety and reliability and was considered one of the most elegant shapes of its time.
Models:
  • Non-US
    • 1989–1994 BMW 518i - 1.8 L M40B18 I4 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp)
    • 1994–1996 BMW 518i - 1.8 L M43B18 I4 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp)
    • 1995–1996 BMW 518g (CNG) Touring - 1.8 L M43B18 I4
    • 1987–1990 BMW 520i - 2.0 L M20B20 I6 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp)
    • 1987–1990 BMW 520i ECE - 2.0 L M20B20 I6 129 PS (95 kW; 127 hp) higher compression than non ECE
    • 1990–1996 BMW 520i - 2.0 L M50B20 I6 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp)
    • 1988-1991 BMW 524td - 2.4 L M21 I6 diesel
    • 1993-1995 BMW 525td - 2.5 L M51D25 UL I6 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) diesel
    • 1991-1995 BMW 525tds - 2.5 L M51D25 OL I6 143 PS (105 kW; 141 hp) diesel
    • 1987–1990 BMW 525i - 2.5 L M20B25 I6 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)
    • 1990–1996 BMW 525i - 2.5 L M50B25 I6 192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp)
    • 1990–1996 BMW 525iX - 2.5 L M50B25 I6 192 PS (141 kW; 189 hp) Very rare
    • 1988–1990 BMW 530i - 3.0 L M30B30 I6 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)
    • 1992–1996 BMW 530i - 3.0 L M60B30 V8 218 PS (160 kW; 215 hp)
    • 1987–1993 BMW 535i - 3.4 L M30B35 I6 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)
    • 1992–1996 BMW 540i - 4.0 L M60B40 V8 286 PS (210 kW; 282 hp)
    • 1990–1993 BMW M5 - 3.6 L S38B36 I6, 315 PS (232 kW; 311 hp)
    • 1994–1996 BMW M5 - 3.8 L S38B38 I6, 340 PS (250 kW; 335 hp)
  • US
    • 1989–1990 BMW 525i - 2.5 L M20B25 I6, 168 hp (125 kW; 170 PS)
    • 1989–1993 BMW 535i - 3.4 L M30B35 I6, 208 hp (155 kW; 211 PS)
    • 1991–1993 BMW M5 - 3.6 L S38B36 I6, 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS)
    • 1991–1995 BMW 525i - 2.5 L M50B25 I6, 189 hp (141 kW; 192 PS)
    • 1994–1995 BMW 530i - 3.0 L M60B30 V8, 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS)
    • 1994–1995 BMW 540i - 4.0 L M60B40 V8, 282 hp (210 kW; 286 PS)

 

E39 (1995-2003)
     

The BMW E39 was one of BMW's most successful cars, with several different models. These included:
  • 1996–2000 520i - 2.0 L M52B20 I6, 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp)
  • 2000–2003 520i - 2.2 L M54B22 I6, 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp)
  • 1996–2000 523i - 2.5 L M52B25 I6, 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp)
  • 2000–2003 525i - 2.5 L M54B25 I6, 137 kW (186 PS; 184 hp)
  • 1996–1999 528i - 2.8 L M52B28 I6, 144 kW (196 PS; 193 hp)
  • 1999–2000 528i - 2.8 L M52B28 TU I6, 144 kW (196 PS; 193 hp)
  • 2000–2003 530i - 3.0 L M54B30 I6, 172 kW (234 PS; 231 hp)
  • 1996–2003 535i - 3.5 L M62B35 V8, 183 kW (249 PS; 245 hp)
  • 1996–1998 540i - 4.4 L M62B44 V8, 213 kW (290 PS; 286 hp)
  • 1998–2003 540i - 4.4 L M62TUB44 V8, 216 kW (294 PS; 290 hp)
  • 1998–2003 M5 - 4.9 L S62 V8, 298 kW (405 PS; 400 hp)
  • 2000-2003 520d - 2.0 L M47D20 diesel I4 100 kW (136 PS; 134 hp)
  • 2000-2003 525d - 2.5 L M57D25 diesel I6120 kW
  • 1997-2000 525td - 2.5 L M51D25TU UL diesel I6 85& kW
  • 1996-2000 525tds - 2.5 L M51D25TU OL diesel I6 105 kW (143 PS; 141 hp)
  • 1998-2000 530d - 3.0 L M57D30 diesel I6 135 kW (184 PS; 181 hp)
  • 2000-2003 530d - 3.0 L M57D30 diesel I6 142 kW (193 PS; 190 hp)
The BMW M57 type Engine is a straight-6 Diesel produced from 1998. It won the "2.5-3 L" category of the International Engine of the Year award for 1999 through 2002. The updated twin-turbocharger version won that same award in 2005. The 2.5 L (2497 cc/152 in³) M57D25 was the smallest member of the family. It produced 120 kW (161 hp) at 4000 rpm and 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) at 2000-2500 rpm with a 4750 rpm redline. Application: 525D
In US:
  • 1997–2000 528i - 2.8 L M52B28 I6, 190 hp (142 kW; 193 PS)
  • 1997–1998 540i - 4.4 L M62B44 V8, 282 hp (210 kW; 286 PS)
  • 2001–2003 525i - 2.5 L M54B25 I6, 184 hp (137 kW; 187 PS)
  • 2001–2003 530i - 3.0 L M54B30 I6, 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS)
  • 1998–2003 540i - 4.4 L M62TUB44 V8, 282 hp (210 kW; 286 PS)
  • 2000–2003 M5 - 5.0 L S62 V8, 394 hp (294 kW; 399 PS)
The E39 has been widely praised in all aspects, and it perennially earned a place on Car and Driver's 10Best list. Consumer Reports gave the 2001 530i its highest car rating ever. The diesel engines available in the European models provide great torque and smoothness with better economy. The M5 has been called "the ultimate in discreet speed" with 369 lbf·ft (500 N·m) of torque and a 0–60 mph time of 4.8  s. The only downside was its smallish cabin and tiny trunk space of 11.1 ft³ (314 L).
The very first E39 BMW 5 Series rolled off the assembly line in February, 1995.



E60/E61 (2003-2010)
       
It is available in both sedan and wagon versions and has the following models:
  • 2005-2006 520d - 2.0 L (1995 cc) diesel I4, 110 kW (150 PS; 148 hp)
  • 2006-2007 520d - 2.0 L (1995 cc) diesel I4, 120 kW (163 PS; 161 hp)
  • 2007- 520d - 2.0 L (1995 cc) diesel I4, 130.5 kW (177 PS; 175 hp)
  • 2003-2005 520i - 2.2 L (2171 cc) I6, 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp)
  • 2007- 520i - 2.0 L (1995 cc) I4, 125 kW (170 PS; 168 hp)
  • 2004-2007 523i - 2.5 L (2497 cc) I6, 130 kW (177 PS; 174 hp)
  • 2007- 523i - 2.5 L (2497 cc) I6, 140 kW (190 PS; 188 hp)
  • 2004-2007 525i/xi - 2.5 L (2497 cc) I6, 160 kW (218 PS; 215 hp)
  • 2007- 525i/xi - 2.5 L (2996 cc) I6, 160 kW (218 PS; 215 hp)
  • 2004-2007 530i/xi - 3.0 L (2979 cc) I6, 190 kW (258 PS; 255 hp)
  • 2004-2007 530d/xd - 3.0 L (2993 cc) diesel I6, 175 kW (238 PS; 235 hp) and 500 N·m (370 ft·lbf)
  • 2004- 535d - 3.0 L (2993 cc) diesel I6, 200 kW (272 PS; 268 hp) and 413 ft·lbf (560 N·m) (compression ratio: 16.5:1)
  • 2006- M5 - 5.0 L S85 V10, 373 kW (507 PS; 500 hp)
In US:
  • 2004-2005 525i - 2.5 L M54B25 I6, 184 hp (137 kW; 187 PS)
  • 2004-2005 530i - 3.0 L M54B30 I6, 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS)
  • 2004-2005 545i - 4.4 L N62B44 V8, 325 hp (242 kW; 330 PS)
  • 2006-2007 525i/xi - 3.0 L N52B30 I6, 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS)
  • 2006-2007 530i/xi - 3.0 L N52B30 I6, 255 hp (190 kW; 259 PS)
  • 2006- 550i - 4.8 L N62B48 V8, 360 hp (268 kW; 365 PS)
  • 2008- 528i/xi - 3.0 L N52B30 I6, 230 hp (172 kW; 233 PS)
  • 2008- 535i/xi - 3.0 L N54B30 twin-turbo I6, 300 hp (224 kW; 304 PS)
  • 2006- M5 - 5.0 L S85 V10, 373 kW (507 PS; 500 hp)


F10/11 (2010- present)     

The sixth generation of the 5-Series (BMW F10) made its debut on 23 November 2009 as a 2010 model The platform is based on the F01 7 Series; improvements include a front dual ball joint short-long arm suspension (replacing the MacPherson strut suspensions BMW previously used), and a rear multilink suspension.
For the powertrain, there will be a ZF 8-speed automatic transmission, the single turbo inline-6 N55, and the twin-turbo V8 N63.
It is designed by Jacek Froehlich



5 Series Gran Turismo (F07)

   

In May 2009, BMW released the official pictures of its production model 5 Series Gran Turismo (BMW F07), which is considered a coupé-like crossover vehicle or station wagon - a blend of different typical body styles. BMW advertises the new 5 Series GT as "The First of its Kind". The GT is taller than other fastback competitors.
The F07 Gran Turismo (designed by Christopher Weil) shares the same F01 7 Series-derived platform, powertrain, mechanical package, and dashboard with the F10. However the F07's fascia has different headlights and bumper, with a larger split-kidney grille similar to that of the F01 7 Series. The F07 also has a taller height resulting in a higher center of gravity, its longer length allows for more rear legroom, the rear passenger accommodation has optional "Executive" bucket seats for two instead of the three-seat bench, and it weights 400 pounds heavier compared to the F10. The F07 also features frame-less doors and a double-pane liftgate truck
The 5 Series GT is powered by a single-turbo diesel I6 producing 245 PS, by a single-turbo I6 producing 306 PS and a twin-turbo V8 producing 408 PS; the latter will give the car a 0-60 mph time of 5.5 seconds. This is the first BMW to receive the new ZF 8-speed automatic transmission, along with a new Brake Energy Regeneration system.
BMW has suggested that the new 5 Series GT would replace the 5 Series Touring (wagon) in their North American lineup, due to slow sales of the E61 wagon in the United States, with only 400 sold in 2009. In that country, more BMW M5 and Z8s have been sold than the 535i and 540i wagons, respectively. BMW is targeting annual sales of 4000 to 8000 5 Series GTs.
The F07 was released in the fourth quarter of 2009 as a 2010 model, before the rest of the next-generation 5 Series lineup. In Canada and the United States, for first half of 2010, the Gran Turismo was sold alongside the outgoing E60 5 Series, until the rollout of the F10 in June 2010 for the 2011 model year.